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Author Guidelines

Editorial norms (derived from: APA 6th edition Style Guide)

1. In-text citations

Citations without direct quotations

• APA style requires that only the surname of the author and the year of publication are inserted. Further reference information must be reported only in the reference list, neither in the text nor in the footnotes.

Example: Wirth and Mitchell (1994) or (Wirth & Mitchell, 1994).

• All the authors’ surnames are followed by a comma (excluding the case of two authors). The last surname is preceded by the symbol &.

Example: (Wirth, Mitchell, & Burn, 2000). In the case of only two authors: (Wirth & Mitchell, 1994)

• If authors are from 3 to 5, all are reported as first citation. In subsequent citations only the surname of the first author is inserted, followed by et al.

Example: (Wirth et al, 2010)

• If authors are 6 or more, only the surname of the first author followed by et al. must be inserted.

Example: (Wirth et al., 1999)

• If more citations are inserted in the same parentheses, they are listed alphabetically based on the surname of the first author. Pay attention: the order is alphabetical not chronological.

Example: (Carli & Paniccia, 2002; Salvatore, 2010)

• Citations inserted within parentheses that refer to sources published by the same author in the same year must be differentiated by letters

Example: (Paniccia 2012a, 2012b)

• If a source consulted in a translated version is cited, the publication year of both sources must be inserted, at first the original one then the translated one.

Example: Canguilhem (1966/1998) reports that….

• If a source not yet published is cited, (in press) must be inserted also for Italian sources.

Example: Renzo Carli (in press) affirms that…

• Secondary sources. Only sources that are directly consulted must be cited. If this is not possible, the secondary source consulted is cited, as in the example report below. In the reference list, only the secondary source must be inserted, that is Fagan in the example.

Example: In a study by Gibson (cited in Fagan, 1974, p.15), the author highlights that…

• If authors with the same surname are cited, also the initial of the name must be inserted.

Example: (B. Guerin & P. Guerin, 2007)

Direct quotations

• APA style requires that the surname of the author, the year of publication and the page number are inserted. The page number is preceded by p. (pp. if more than a single page). If there are omissions in the direct quotation, they must be substituted by: […]. If in a direct quotation, there is a further direct quotation, the latter is inserted within single quotation marks: ‘…’).

• If the quotation comprises less than 40 words, it is inserted in double quotation marks (“ …”). The italics is not used.

Example: “less congestive heart failure, required less diuretic and antibiotic therapy, had fewer episodes of pneumonia, had fewer cardiac arrests, and were less frequently intubated and ventilated” (Byrd, 1988, p. 829).

• If the quotation comprises 40 words or more, it is inserted without quotation marks in a block of text indented 0,5 (both on the left and on the right), separated by the main text (before and after) by a blank line and with a smaller type, that is 10.

Example: The shift from melancholia to medical terminology and the identification of a pathology is expressed very well in a passage by Esquirol, cited by Pigeaud (2005): The term melancolia, now consecrated in common language, tries to express the habitual state of sadness of some individuals, and must therefore be left to the moralists and poets who, in their expressions, are not obliged to be as severe as doctors. We can keep this name, using it for the temperament dominated by the hepatic system and to indicate the tendency to fixed ideas, sadness, while the word monomania expresses an abnormal state of physical and moral sensibility with limited, obsessive delirium (p. 386). Esquirol certainly distinguishes between melancholy and delirium, between common language and medical language, between disposition for obsessions and mental illness, as an abnormal state.

• If the direct quotation derives from a translation of the original version, the author must report that the translation is his/her own. It is inserted within parentheses after the page number.

Example: (p. 36, own translation).

2. References

• The heading is References.

• References are listed alphabetically based on the surname of the first author.

• If multiple sources of the same author are present, they must be listed in a chronological order (from the less to the more recent).

• If multiple sources of the same author published in the same year are, they must be differentiated by letters: a, b, c…


Paniccia, R.M. (2012a). La competenza a integrare differenze [The competence to integrate differences]. Rivista di Psicologia Clinica, 1, 91-110. Retrieved from

Paniccia, R.M. (2012b). Gli assistenti all’autonomia e all’integrazione per la disabilità a scuola: Da ruoli confusi a funzioni chiare [Assistants autonomy and integration for disability at school: From confused roles to clear functions]. Rivista di Psicologia Clinica, 2, 165-183. Retrieved from

• As reported below in the examples of references, the surname of the last author is preceded by the symbol &. If authors are more than 7, the first 6 are inserted as well as the last one preceded by three suspension points.

Example: Sethi, D., Wood, S., Mitis, F., Bellis, M., Penhale, B., Iborra Marmolejo, I., … Ulvestad Kärki, F. (Eds.). (2011). European report on preventing elder maltreatment. Retrieved from

• If the source uses a language different from English, the title of the source must be translated in English.

Examples of references are listed below:

Serianni, L. (2006). Prima lezione di grammatica [First lesson in grammar]. Roma-Bari: Laterza.

Book including a specific edition
Paloutzian, R.F. (1996). Invitation to the psychology of religion (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Edited book
Higgins, J. (Ed.). (1988). Psychology. New York: Norton.

Book with multiple editors
Dierkens, M., Berthoin, A., & Nonaka, I. (Eds.). (1998). …

Book chapter with one single editor
Editor surname follows the initial of the name. Shea, J.D. (1992). Religion and sexual adjustment. In J.F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and mental health (pp. 70-84). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Book chapter with multiple editors
…. In J.F. Schumaker, C.P. Broberg, & M.E. Lamb (Eds.), ….

Canguilhem, G. (1998). Il normale e il patologico [The normal and the pathological] (M. Porro, Trans.). Torino: Einaudi (Original work published 1966).
The consulted source has to be cited in the language in which it is written. If the consulted source is not English written, the English translation has to be reported in brackets. Note: The translator must be inserted.. The in-text citation must include the year of publication of the original version, followed by that of the translated one. Example: Canguilhem (1966/1998) affirms that:

Multiple translators
Bateson, G. (1976). Verso un’ecologia della mente [Steps to an echology of mind] (G. Longo & G. Tratteur, Trans.). Milano: Adelphi (Original work published 1972).

Translator and editor
In some cases, the editor of the source is also the translator. In this case report: (M. Porro, Ed. & Trans.).

In press
Carli, R. (in press). Miti costruiti e miti imposti [Constructed myths and imposed mythes].

Journal article
Brunsson, N. (1990). Deciding for responsibility and legitimization: Alternative interpretations of organizational decision-making. Accounting, Organization and Society, 15(1-2), 47-59.

Online journal article with DOI
Barnes, M., Newman, J., Knops, A., & Sullivan, H. (2003). Constituting “the public” in public participation. Public Administration, 81(2), 379-399. doi: 10.1111/1467-9299.00352

For retrieving DOI you can consult

Online journal article without DOI
Carli, R. (2006). La collusione e le sue basi sperimentali [Collusion and its experimental bases]. Rivista di Psicologia Clinica, 2-3, 179-189. Retrieved from

Pay attention: Include only the URL of the online site without the consultation date.

WEB document with date
Degelman, D. (2009). APA style essentials. Retrieved from

WEB document without date
Nielsen, M. E. (n.d.). Notable people in psychology of religion. Retrieved from

WEB document without author and date
Gender and society. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Abstract retrieved from a database

Garrity, K., & Degelman, D. (1990). Effect of server introduction on restaurant tipping. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 168-172. Abstract retrieved from PsycINFO database.

3. Other editorial norms Notes

Notes must not be used to cite references. They are listed as footnotes (not in the end of the paper) and are numbered consecutively.

They are inserted in the text. The headings should appear flush left and in italics as follows:

Table 1. Illustrative Variable

The heading must be inserted above the table.

They are inserted in the text. The headings should appear flush left and in italics as follows:

Figure 1. Factorial plane

The heading must be inserted below the figure.

The quality of resolution should be good, at least 300 dpi.

They are inserted after the reference list. The headings should appear flush left. If there are multiple appendixes, they must be differentiated by letters listed in alphabetical order (es. Appendix A, Appendix B, etc.).

4. Norms for the format, editing and layout of the paper


• .doc
• .docx


• Page orientation: Vertical.

• Margins: 2 cm left and right; 2,5 cm top; 3 cm bottom.

• Syllabication: none.

• Alignment: authors must submit the paper as flush left; in the copy-edit phase the text will be justified.

• Line spacing: single.

• Type: Times New Roman.

• Page numbers: authors submit the paper without page numbers; in the copy-edit phase the page numbers will be inserted.

Type and text editing

• Body type: Times New Roman 11 normal.

• Headings: they are not followed by a period and comply with the following rules.

Level 1: title of the paper in Times New Roman 12 bold normal. If there is a subtitle, a colon is inserted between title and subtitle whose first word is capitalized.

Example: A peer-mediated intervention to develop social and work abilities for adolescents with ASD: Pilot study

Level 2: heading of the paragraph in Times New Roman 11 bold italics. One single blank line is inserted between heading and text. Two blank lines are inserted between the end of the text and the heading of the following paragraph or subparagraph.

Level 3: heading of the subparagraph in Times New Roman 11 italics. One single blank line is inserted between heading and text. Two blank lines are inserted between the end of the text and the heading of the following paragraph or subparagraph.

Level 4: heading of the (sub)subparagraph in Times New Roman 11 italics. The following text is not separated by a blank line. If after the end of the text there is another (sub)subparagraph (level 4) only one single blank line is inserted, if a subparagraph (level 3) or paragraph (level 2) follows two blank lines must be inserted instead.

Level 5: heading in Times New Roman 10 normal. The following text is not separated by a blank line.

• Headings of tables and figures: heading is in Times New Roman 10 italics. One single blank line is inserted between the heading and the table or figure. Tables and figures are separated by the text (both before and after) by two blank lines.

• Heading of references: Time New Roman 11 italics. Two blank lines are inserted between the end of the main text and the heading: References. One single blank line is inserted between the heading and the first reference source.

• Abstract: Times New Roman 11 italics. Three blank lines are inserted between authors’ names and the Abstract. One single blank line is inserted between the Abstract heading and the text. One single blank line is inserted between the end of the abstract and the keywords.

• Keywords: Time New Roman 11 italics, the word is followed by a colon and then by keywords (from 3 to 5). Keywords are in lowercase and are separated by a semicolon. At the end a period must be inserted. Example: Keywords: mental illness; collusion; diagnosis; psychiatry; individual; living together.

• Footnotes: Times New Roman 10 normal.

• References: Times New Roman 11 normal. For references spacing is: before 0 pt, after 6 pt. Indentation is: Special, Hanging 1,25.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines
  2. The instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  3. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  4. The submission has not been previously published, nor it is under consideration of another journal.
  5. The author has read the Ethic Policy of the journal.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this Journal agree to the following terms:

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication for the printed and the electronic version simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License  that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this Journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchange, as well as earlier and more extensive citation of published work (cf. The Effect of Open Access). After the conclusion of the double blind peer review procedure, they can self-archive any version of their work: the published version as well as the pre-print (pre-refereeing) and the final draft post-refereeing.


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